Question: Who were the parents of
Daniel Hiestand/Haston's father, Henrich Hiestand--the
Henrich (Henry) Hiestand of Hempfield Township in Lancaster
County, PA and later, Shenandoah/Page County, VA?
The answer to that question is possibly
found in an article written by Sem C. Sutter and published
in the April 1979 edition (Volume II, Number 2) of
Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage--"Palatine
Mennonites in Schleswig-Holstein, 1693-1698." But
even though the answer may be found in this article, there
is still a problem. There are three possible
sets of parents (of Daniel Haston's father) mentioned in
- Hans Jacob Hestandt (Heystandt) and
- Hendrick Heistandt (Heystandt) and
- Hans Hendrich Hestands (Heystandt)
and Maria Gognouwers
1. Hans Jacob and Antie/Anna (Beyers)
Heystandt - In October of 1693, Hans Jacob
Hiestand (a Mennonite minister) left the Palatinate with a
wife and child and a group of other Mennonites on their way
to Friedrichstadt in northern Germany via Amsterdam.
They were refugees escaping the plundering terror of the
Nine Years War (1688-1697) that was devastating the
Palatinate, much like the earlier Thirty Years War had done.
On April 29, 1694 Hans Jacob Hiestand was a widower and
married Antie/Anna Beyers in Friedrichstadt. Daniel
Hiestand/Haston's father was born in
1704, so "our" Henrich
could not have been the child of Hans Jacob Hiestand's wife
who died between October 1693 and April 29, 1694. But
he could have been born to Hans Jacob and Antie
(Beyers) Hiestand ten years after they married.
2. Hanss Heinrich/Henrich and Barbara (Mellingers/Mallinger/Melinger)
Heystandt - On November 25, 1694 Henrick Heistandt
married Barbara Mellingers in Friedrichstadt, Germany.
"David Rutgers, deacon of the Lamist congregation (in
Amsterdam)...wrote a church letter on October 31, 1694, on
behalf of Hanss Henrik Heystand and Barbara Millinger, who
had lived there for 'some time' and were only then departing
for Friedrichstadt." Apparently, this Hanss Henrik
Heystand and Barbara Millinger were not married until they
arrived in Friedrichstadt. Barbara's brother Jonas was
a part of the original October 1693 group headed for
Friedrichstadt, although he was not a member of the
Mennonite congregation at the time.
3. Hans Henrich and Maria (Gognouwers/Gochenauwer)
Heystandt - On February 20, 1698 Hans Hendrich Hiestands
married Maria Gognouwers. She may have been the sister
of Josep and Leysbet and Katryna Kognauwer who were also
part of this Friedrichstadt group. Hanss Gochenauwer
(with wife and "siblings" - should this be "children"?) was
in the original October 1693 group when they departed for
Friedrichstadt. He may have been the father of Maria.
According to a church letter signed April 9, 1698, twenty
Mennonite church members left Friedrichstadt to return to
their homeland in the Palatinate.
Six years later (1704) our Henrich
Hiestand was born. Either of these three Hiestand
couples could have been his parents. Or, his parents
could have been some other Hiestand couple who were not a
part of this Friedrichstadt group.
Hans Jacob and Anna
Hiestand - They (apparently) settled in Friesenheim,
Hans Henderich and Barbara
Hiestand - Not known where they settled, but he may
have returned to Amsterdam (without a wife) in or before
1714 and Friedrichstadt by January 1715.
Source: Hiestand.pdf from MennoSearch.com by
Richard W. Davis, but not sure of the primary source for
this information, so not sure if this is reliable or not.
Hans Henrich and Maria
Hiestand - They settled in Herrnsheim, near Ibersheim,
in northern part of Worms, Germany.
Note: Variant language spellings: English
= Henry; German = Heinrich; Dutch = Hendrik or Hendrick
Source: Page 43 of Across the Atlantic and Beyond: The
Migration of German and Swiss Immigrants to America by
Charles R. Haller (Heritage Books, 2008).
We know of no other evidence in Europe to
help identify the parents of "our" Henrich Hiestand.
But we can look for evidence of significant connections in
America to one of these three families--Beyers, Mellinger,
Mellinger - mother of our Henrich Hiestand?
Henrich Hiestand of PA and VA did
name his oldest daughter "Barbara,"
which might indicate that this was Henrich's
But there is uncertainty about
where Hans Henderich and Barbara Mellinger
Hiestand settled after leaving Friedrichstadt.
And we know that our Henrich Hiestand's family
settled in Ibersheim, at least at the time that
Caspar Wistar was trying to secure money
from Henrich's family in 1733.
Gochenour - mother of our Henrich Hiestand?
- Joseph Gochenour
purchased 403 acres in Hempfield Township of
Lancaster County, PA adjacent to Henry
Heistant's (Hiestand) land.
- Joseph Gochenour and
Henry Heistant's surveys were made on the
same day, the only two surveys in that area
on May 20, 1735.
- Joseph Gochenour, like
Henry Hiestand, apparently arrived to
America prior to the fall of 1727, when
passenger lists for immigrant ships began to
be required. We know of no record
indicating when either of them arrived in
- Joseph Gochenour's name
appears five names
above the name of
Henrich Hiest__ on the 1728 naturalization
- Question: Did Joseph
Gochenour and "our" Henrich Hiestand come to
America together and search for land
together? If so, did they do so
because of a close family relationship?
- Henry Neave (Neff) and
Jacob Neave (Neff) were appointed guardians
over the estates of the minor children of
Joseph Gochenour who was deceased in
Hempfield Township by February 20, 1764.
And Henry Neff was the administrator of the
goods of the deceased Joseph Gochenour.
The Hiestand and Neff family relationships
are well document.
- Later (1822) a Jacob
Hiestand (descendant of immigrant Jacob
Hiestand) in Hempfield Township had made a
Joseph Gochenauer (descendant of the
immigrant Joseph Gochenour) one of the
trustees for Jacob's son Christian Hiestand.
*See the link at the bottom of this section.
- A Jacob Gochenour
(near Woodstock, VA) died in 1772 and made
his wife and Peter Histand/Hiestand
executors of his estate, even though Jacob
Gochenour had four sons who could have
co-executed the estate. Note:
Richard W. Davis and others have speculated
that this Jacob Gochenour was a brother of
the Joseph Gochenour of Hempfield Township
in Lancaster County, PA.
Where this Jacob Gochenour lived (outside
Woodstock, VA) is about 25 miles from where
Hiestand lived, a few miles west of what
is now Luray, VA. And the imposing
Massanutten Mountain separates Woodstock and
where Peter lived. Peter would not
have been chosen to be an executor of
Jacob's estate because they were neighbors.
Some other connection must explain why Jacob
Gochenour chose Peter Hiestand to execute
his estate, along with Joseph's wife.
Perhaps they were cousins.
**Note: This translated document says "Peter
Kinstand" but other sources say "Peter
Histand." Peter Histand was the son of
Henrich Hiestand and the brother of Daniel
- Same document as above:
This Jacob Gochenour's eldest son (Jacob)
married Elizabeth Roads (daughter of the
Reverend John Roads, who was murdered, along
with most of his family, across the river
from the Henry Hiestand family in Virginia).
Also, see page 69 of A History of Shenandoah
County Virginia by John W. Wayland.
Perhaps, this Jacob Gochenour, Jr. met
Elizabeth Roads while visiting the Henrich
- A Joseph Gochenour
married in 1822 (Elizabeth Neff) into
Shenandoah County, VA Neff family - same
family that Daniel Hiestand/Haston married
into. And there
were other Gochenour-Neff connections.
Some Gochenour sources
referenced for this information:
- Gochnauer Genealogy,
1660-1940 by Harry W. Gochnauer, March 1940.
(unpublished paper in the Gochenour family
file at the Lancaster Mennonite Historical
- Descent on the Ladder -
Gochenaur by Dwayne Coughenour.
(unpublished and undated paper in the
Gochenour family file at the Lancaster
Mennonite Historical Society)
- History of the
Descendants of Jacob Gochenour by Robert Lee
Evans. (Boyce, VA: Carr Publishing Company,
- Gochenauer document,
pages 182-184 of some "Volume I" unpublished
document found in the Gochenour family file
at the Lancaster Mennonite Historical