The Heritage of Daniel Haston

 

Village of Richterswil in the Canton Zurich of Switzerland

In Search of Our Roots


Richterswil, Switzerland Rise & Persecution of Anabaptists Ibersheim, Germany Emigration to America

Swiss-Germans, Settlers in Southeastern Pennsylvania, Originally from Switzerland

...while it is ordinarily said that the forefathers of this [southeastern] section of Pennsylvania are of German descent, that such tradition is not strictly accurate.  They are originally Swiss.  Many of our ancestors, however, were pushed by prosecution from Switzerland into Germany and particularly into the Palatinate on the Rhine and lived there some years, migrating from that place to Eastern Pennsylvania.

Page 88 of Swiss and German Pioneer Settlers of Southeastern Pennsylvania by H. Frank Eshleman. Originally published in 1917 and reprinted in 2000 in Baltimore, MD by the Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc.


Hiestands, Swiss Anabaptists Originally from Canton* Zurich in Switzerland

The Swiss element among the Pennsylvania Germans is the largest of the ethnic components of the population.  It is particularly strong in Lancaster, Lebanon, and other counties where there are Mennonite and Amish settlements.  These descendants of the Swiss Anabaptists have given their character from Canton Bern are Stauffer, Schenk, Longenecker, Forney [Fahrni], Eby, [Aebi]; from Canton* Zurich, Landis, Nissley [Nussli], Denlinger [Dandliker], Hiestand, and others.   *Canton = state

Page 9 of Pennsylvania German Roots Across the Ocean, edited by Marion F. Egge.  Published by the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 2000). 


From the 1835 Journal of Henry Hiestand, Great-Nephew of Daniel Haston
(Son of Daniel's nephew [Abraham] who was son of Daniel's older brother, Jacob)

Having learnt, since I came to this place [Zurich, Switzerland], that a person of my name resides some ten or twelve miles [actually 28 km) up the lake [Lake Zurich], I set off in a hack in search of him.  I found him.  His name is Henry Hiestand, and is undoubtedly a branch of our family, but we could not trace our lineage or genealogy, and indeed that would be difficult in the absence of documentary evidence, as my ancestors have been from this country [Switzerland] one hundred and thirty years.  Note: If interpreted precisely, this would indicate that the Hiestand family left Switzerland (for Germany) in 1705.

Page 147 of Travels in Germany, Prussia and Switzerland by Henry Hiestand (born 1788 in Shenandoah County, VA). 
This 1835 journal is available as a reprint from Amazon.com.


While in Switzerland some years ago I jotted down some of the Lancaster county names I found in the graveyards....  In Horgen [in Canton Zurich, near Wädenswil] graveyard were Hiestand and ....

Page 38 of "Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Families from the Canton of Zurich Switzerland" by Oscar Kuhns in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume VIII, Number 3, October 1919. Link

Pages 291-292 of "From the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland" by Oscar Kuhns in The Pennsylvanian German, Volume 11: Editors Croll, Schuler, and Kriebel.




Photo and Coat of Arms from Wikipedia

Historical Sketch of Richterswil 

The village was probably founded in about 850 A.D., but is first mentioned by name (Richtliswile) in 1265 A.D.  The people of Richterswil established quite a reputation for revolting against civic and religious authorities they deemed to be unjust, including the Anabaptist movement protesting the dominance of the Catholic Church and the Swiss Reformed Church in the 16th and 17th centuries and the Wädenswil tax revolt of 1645/46.

One mile northwest of Richterswil, along the shore, is Wädenswil.  Wädenswil is known for the Catholic Order of St. John and the "old" Wädenswil Castle, the ruins of which are within the municipality of Richterswil. 

With a 2015 population of more than 13,000 and 4,452 households, Richterswil is no longer a village.  According to the 2008 census, 45% were Protestant (41.8% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church), 34.5% were Catholic, 12.2% were atheists or agnostics, with the others begin Muslim, another religion, or an unnamed religion.

In historical documents Richterswil, is referred to by a variety of names:  Ruhteschweil, Richentenschwyl, Richtischwyl, and Richtischweil.
Source:  Page 665 of Documents of Brotherly Love: Dutch Mennonite Aid to Swiss Anabaptists, Volume I, 1635-1709. Millersburg, OH: Ohio Amish Library, 2007.

 
Hiestands and Richterswil

"Notations of the earliest surnames around the castle were sporadic in the 1300s.  Many of the common folk only kept first names and occasionally a secondary name that served as a locator.  In the earliest regional tax lists from the Order of St. John, dating from 1402*, Hiestand [and other names] appeared for the first time." 
*Other sources indicate that 1401 was the date of the record.
Source: Page 42 of A Lake Beneath the Crescent Moon by J. Ross Baughman. Edinburg, VA: Shenandoah History Publishers, 2000.

From that time on, up until the present day, the Hiestand name has appeared in Richterswil, although many Hiestands have emigrated from Switzerland and now appear around the world by the Hiestand name, or many variations that have morphed out of it.


Although the name generally appears ending with a "d," German-written signatures of Henry Hiestand's sons, such as those of Peter, in his family Bible record, clearly ended with the consonant "t"--Hiestandt.   And Daniel's 1777 German signature also appears to end with a "t."  Even when English clerks put their English-minded spellings to the Swiss-German surname, often it is apparent that they heard the "t" ending when Henry's family members pronounced their names, as did the person who recorded the name of "Daniel Hasstont" for the petition to create White County, Tennessee in 1806. 
 

Hiestand (Hier Stehe! = "stand here!")

Page 317 of Americana Germanica, edited by Marion Dexter Learned. Volume IV, No. 1, 1901.  Article: "Studies in Pennsylvania German Family Names" by Oscar Kuhns. 
Page 175 of Deutsche Familiennamen by Wilheim Tobler-Meyer (Zurich: Albert Muller's Verlag, 1894).